According to the Athenian historian Thucydides, Selinunte was founded by people from Megara Hyblaea, a city on the east coast of Sicily, in the 7th century BC. The city had a very short life (about 200 years). During this time its population grew to a total of about 25,000. A wealthy trade center, Selinunte was envied by the Carthaginians.
Selinunte had an almost permanent confl ict with Segesta, which allied itself with Athens. However, the Athenians were defeated by the Syracusans, and Segesta now asked help from Carthage. Diodorus Siculus tells that the Carthaginian commander Hannibal (not to be confused with his more famous namesake), in 409 BC destroyed Selinunte after a war that counted about 16,000 deaths and 5,000 prisoners. The city was besieged for nine days by an army of 100,000 Carthaginians.
Mazara was widely reported on national newspapers in March 1998, when a bronze statue called Dancing Satyr (Satiro Danzante) was found off the local port, at a depth of 500 meters below the Sicilian Channel, in the Mediterranean Sea, by a local fi shing boat. The statue is believed to have been sculpted by Greek artist Praxiteles and is currently hosted in a museum appropriately built in the city.
The Dancing Satyr is a bronze statue of the Hellenic Age, dated back from around the 4th century BC and seems to be made by Greek artist Praxiteles. It represents a satyr and is about 250 cm (98.4 in.) tall. It is currently hosted in the Satyr Museum.
It is located in a beautiful place at the top of a mountain, from which a wide stunning view of the islands near the coast can be seen. Erice is a historical town on the mountain close to Trapani in Sicily, Italy.
In the northeastern part of the town there are the remains of ancient Elymian and Phoenician walls indicating different stages of settlements and occupations. Every year it hosts important scientific meetings, organised by CNR. There are two castles: the Pepoli Castle, which dates back to Saracen times and Venus Castle which dates back to the Norman period, on top of the ancient Temple of Venus. The town overlooks the bay of Castellammare del Golfo on the northern coast of Sicily. The view is stunning and offers a beautiful ride to the town.